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alexander the great

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alexander the great

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Alexander the Great: Empire & Death | HISTORY - HISTORY

Alexander the Great: Empire & Death | HISTORY - HISTORY (article)

Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who, as King of Macedonia and Persia, established the largest

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

Alexander the GreatBasileus of MacedonHegemon of the Hellenic LeagueShahanshah of PersiaPharaoh of EgyptLord of AsiaAlexander Mosaic (c. 100 BC), ancient Roman floor mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii, Italy, showing Alexander fighting king Darius III of Persia in the Battle of IssusKing of MacedonReign336–323 BCPredecessorPhilip IISuccessor Alexander IV Philip III Hegemon of Hellenic League Strategos autokrator of Greece Reign336 BCPredecessorPhilip IIPharaoh of EgyptReign332–323 BCPredecessorDarius IIISuccessor Alexander IV Philip III Royal titulary Prenomen (Praenomen) stp.n-rꜤ m...

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Third Macedonian War

Third Macedonian War

The Third Macedonian War (171–168 BC) was a war fought between the Roman Republic and King Perseus of Macedon. In 179 BC King Philip V of Macedon died and was succeeded by his ambitious son Perseus. He was anti-Roman and stirred anti-Roman feelings around Macedonia. Tensions escalated and Rome declared war on Macedon. Most of the war was fought in Macedon as well as neighbouring Thessaly, where the Roman troops were stationed. After an inconclusive battle at Callinicus in 171 BC, and several more years of campaigning, Rome decisively defeated the Macedonian forces at the Battle of Pydna in 16...

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Battle of the Hydaspes

Battle of the Hydaspes

Battle of the HydaspesPart of the Wars of Alexander the GreatA painting by Andre Castaigne depicting the phalanx attacking the centre at HydaspesDateMay 326 BCLocationHydaspes River, modern-day Punjab Province, Pakistan32°49′40″N 73°38′20″E / 32.82778°N 73.63889°ECoordinates: 32°49′40″N 73°38′20″E / 32.82778°N 73.63889°EResult Macedonian victory Annexation of Punjab Porus appointed plenipotentiary Satrap of the new provinces.[1][2][3][4]Territorialchanges Macedonian Empire annexes large areas of the Punjab region from the Hydaspes to the Hyphasis.[2][5]Belligerents MacedonHellenic LeaguePersi...

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Philip II of Macedon

Philip II of Macedon

Philip II of Macedon[2] (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 382–336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC.[3] He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. The rise of Macedon, its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during the reign of Philip II was achieved in part by his reformation of the Ancient Macedonian army, establishing the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the...

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Roman Republic

Roman Republic

Roman RepublicOfficial name (as on coins):Roma after c. 100 BC:Senatus Populusque Romanus (Latin) (SPQR)(The Roman Senate and People) Denarius of 54 BC, showing the first Roman consul, Lucius Junius Brutus, surrounded by two lictors and preceded by an accensus Roman provinces on the eve of the assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BCCapitalRomeCommon languagesLatin (official)Etruscan, Greek, Osco-Umbrian, Venetic, Ligurian, Rhaetian, Nuragic, Sicel, Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, Punic, Berber, Coptic, Illyrian, Iberian, Lusitanian, Celtiberian, Gaulish, Gallaecian, Aquitanian (unofficial, but commonl...

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Aristotle

Aristotle

Aristotle (; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above a...

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Cleopatra

Cleopatra

Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC)[note 2] was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt.[note 5] As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great.[note 6] After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander (336–323 BC).[note 7] Her native language was Koine Greek, and she was the only Pt...

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